Introduction to Instruments of the Orchestra, various instrument families

Musical instruments in an Orchestra. Here’s a list of the musical instruments that you will see in most symphony orchestras (some of these are use in school bands as well).

What are the Musical Instruments in an Orchestra?

An orchestra is a large group of musicians who play together on various musical instruments. Several musicians play different instruments together and play in a a variety of music style. The symphony orchestra however focuses only on classical music, and as far as the number of instruments are concerned there is no fixed number as to how many instruments any particular orchestra should have.

The Various Categories of Instruments

The orchestra is divided into various groups or ‘sections’. Each section of the orchestra is set up according to the type of instruments in it.

Usually these instruments include strings, woodwinds, brass instruments, and percussion instruments. Then there is the ‘conductor’ who leads this group of musicians playing together.

The following categories of instruments are found in most orchestra. Each of these categories in turn will have several instruments, but of a similar type.

The most common categories present are:

An orchestra may feature additional instruments such as Saxophones, Pianos, church organs, harp, and so on.

The number of instruments in any symphony orchestra depends on how big the symphony is (small, medium or large orchestra). However, the number averages between 40 and 90 musical instruments.

Also Read: Reviews of the best-selling Band/Orchestra musical instruments

The Various Categories of Instruments

Here are few more examples of the musical instruments that are present within each of those categories of music instruments.

Instruments in an Orchestra

Violins, Viola, Cello, Bass, Double-bass

Flute, Oboes, Bassoons & contrabassoon, Piccolos, Clarinets

Trumpets, Trombones, French Horns, Tubas, Saxophones

Cymbals, Gongs, Xylophones, Tubular bells, Timpani, Marimba, Cymbals, Triangle and other percussion instruments

Celesta, Piano, and even Organ in some cases.

To Conclude
Unless you are listening to an instrumental, any music will usually contain a whole lot of instruments, including vocals. That is why it helps to know about the various instruments, their peculiar sound, and how they’re used in any orchestra.

As music students, it helps to know what are the various musical instruments used in an Orchestra.

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