Guide to Dynamic Microphones: Why use them and reviews of the best ones, suited for home recordings, live performances, podcasting, field recording, and voiceover.
Table of Contents
Suitable for What?
Dynamic mics are usually used to record loud sounds with high sound pressure levels, instruments that don’t have much high-end detail, something that has less detail but a full-bodied sound.
They are also more solidly built and durable, compared to the condensers. These are also designed to emphasize certain frequencies which make them so useful for recording things like guitar amps.
- These are versatile and ideal for general-purpose use.
- They have very few moving parts.
- They are sturdy and sturdy for rough use.
- Suited to handle high volume levels, such as from drums or amplifiers.
- Comparatively easier to mic bands using dynamic mics.
- They have no internal amplifier
- They don’t require batteries or external power.
- For best results, place them closer to the sound source.
- Dynamics usually do not offer the same flat frequency response as condensers
Use a dynamic mic for following:
This is more of a general purpose microphone and if you are just starting out and have the budget for just one mic, then it is going to be this one.
But if you want to record vocals where you want a much clearer recording, then a condenser is more suitable.
They also suffer from the proximity effect, where lower bass frequencies can increase in level when the sound source gets too close to the mic.
Background Noise & Transients
In a dynamic microphone, the diaphragm moves either a magnet or a coil when sound waves hit the diaphragm, and the movement creates a small current (electromagnet effects).
When it comes to noise (also known as signal-to-noise ratio), the lesser the noise, the better will be your recording.
However, due to their physical designs, noise generated by dynamics is higher than those of condensers. And that is why condensers are favored for recording quieter & gentler instruments.
Transient of a microphone, on the other hand, means how quickly it reacts to a sound.
The way these are designed, dynamics react slower than condensers which actually helps to get a full & rugged sound that is so typical of a dynamic mic.
Here’s video that explains How a Dynamic Microphone Works
Top Dynamic Microphones: Buying Options
Whether you are performing in front of a huge crowd, or are doing a bit of karaoke with friends / family, you need an excellent microphone. There are several options if you’re looking for a dynamic mic.
Shure BETA 58A Supercardioid Dynamic Microphone
The Shure BETA 58A high output super cardioid dynamic vocal microphone is definitey one of the best dynamic microphones, and is designed for professional sound reinforcement and project studio recording. The advanced pneumatic shock mount system of this microphone elminates mechanical noise levels. Gives crystal clear sounds, more features include the supercardioid pattern, bass rolloff control, rugged construction, and more. Great choice for vocalists and touring professionals. Buy on zZounds
Audio-Technica ATR2100-USB Cardioid Dynamic USB/XLR Microphone
The Audio-Technica ATR2100-USB Cardioid Dynamic USB/XLR Microphone is great for live performance, podcasting, home studio recording, field recording, and voiceover. The XLR output connects with a conventional sound system input for use in live performance. The microphone plugs right into your computer USB port and works seamlessly with your favorite recording software. Cardioid polar pattern reduces pickup of unwanted sounds from the sides and rear. Buy on zZounds…
Shure SM58-CN Cardioid Dynamic Vocal Microphone
The Shure SM58-CN Cardioid Dynamic Vocal Microphone is among the most popular mics and is usually the first choice for most vocal performers. Ruggedly built, and designed to target the main sound source while minimizing background noise, the SM58 delivers clear vocal reproduction. Buy on zZounds…
The Shure SM58 has been around for some time now and continue to be the favored ones among musicians for guitar and bass, drums, and vocals. Here are some more links.
There’s no doubt these are rugged and built to last long, provided you take decent care of it. There are many who have been using Shure mics for more than a decade, and they still work fine. These mics are definitely serviceable and its easy to find replacement parts; you may even replace the capsule covers in case the Dynamic Microphones you have are dented.