Greatest Classical Music Composers of All time

The Classical period in music history took place from around1750 to about 1820. Classical music was characterized by the importance of the sonata form, a construction that, in its simplest terms, consists of a thematic material (exposition), development and a return of the original themes (recapitulation). Another significant development of the Classical period was the rise of instrumental music, especially the symphony. Three of the most famous and influential composers of the Classical period were Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) and Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827).

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

A child prodigy in music performance, Mozart was famous even before he began composing for a living. His father took him on tours of Europe–often lying about his age to make his skills seem even more impressive. Mozart composed his first piece at the age of 5 and his first opera, “La Finta Semplice” (“The Feigned Simpleton”) at the age of 12. He is best known for his later operas, including “The Marriage of Figaro” (1786), “Don Giovanni” (1787) and “The Magic Flute” (1791). His final work, a Requiem (funeral mass), was left unfinished at his death; it was completed by his student, Franz Xaver Sussmayr.

Franz Joseph Haydn

Haydn was a prolific composer; 19 operas, 107 symphonies, 68 string quartets and 62 piano trios are included in his work. Though he struggled as a young musician, he found success in the court of the Esterházy princes, where he served as Kappelmeister (director of music) for more than 40 years. Several of his better-known pieces include the “Surprise” symphony (No. 94), the “Creation” oratorio (1798) and the “Kaiserhymne” or “Emperor’s Hymn” (1797), which became the Austrian national anthem (and later the national anthem of Germany, “Deutschland, Deutschland uber alles”). Unlike Mozart and Beethoven, he died a rich man.

Ludwig van Beethoven

Beethoven is often cited as a Romantic composer, but while his work exemplifies the transition between the two musical periods, it is firmly anchored in the Classical tradition. Although Beethoven wrote one opera, “Fidelio,” he is best known for his symphonies. His Ninth Symphony, which includes the well-known chorus “Ode to Joy,” was revolutionary at the time; its implication that music required poetry to reach its full potential helped inspire the Romantic Opera composer Richard Wagner’s theory of Gesamtkunstwerk (the complete integration of music, drama and poetry). Beethoven’s work is also profoundly significant because of the deafness he developed later in life. He composed many of his pieces without the benefit of hearing them, simply from the memory of the instruments’ sounds.

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100 Greatest Classical Music Composer

Here’s a list of the Best 100 Greatest Classical Music Composers of all time, from around the world.

1. Ludwig Van Beethoven – 1770-1827
2. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – 1756-1791
3. Johann Sebastian Bach – 1685-1750
4. Richard Wagner – 1813-1883
5. Joseph Haydn – 1732-1809
6. Johannes Brahms – 1833-1897
7. Franz Schubert – 1797-1828
8. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky – 1840-1893
9. George Frideric Handel – 1685-1759
10. Igor Stravinsky – 1882-1971
11. Robert Schumann – 1810-1856
12. Frederic Chopin – 1810-1849
13. Felix Mendelssohn – 1809-1847
14. Claude Debussy – 1862-1918
15. Franz Liszt – 1811-1886
16. Antonin Dvorak – 1841-1904
17. Giuseppe Verdi – 1813-1901
18. Gustav Mahler – 1860-1911
19. Hector Berlioz – 1803-1869
20. Antonio Vivaldi – 1678-1741
21. Richard Strauss – 1864-1949
22. Serge Prokofiev – 1891-1953
23. Dmitri Shostakovich – 1906-1975
24. Béla Bartók – 1881-1945
25. Anton Bruckner – 1824-1896
26. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina – 1525-1594
27. Claudio Monteverdi – 1567-1643
28. Jean Sibelius – 1865-1957
29. Maurice Ravel – 1875-1937
30. Ralph Vaughan Williams – 1872-1958
31. Modest Mussorgsky – 1839-1881
32. Giacomo Puccini – 1858-1924
33. Henry Purcell – 1659-1695
34. Gioacchino Rossini – 1792-1868
35. Edward Elgar – 1857-1934
36. Sergei Rachmaninoff – 1873-1943
37. Camille Saint-Saëns – 1835-1921
38. Josquin Des Prez – c.1440-1521
39. Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov – 1844-1908
40. Carl Maria von Weber – 1786-1826
41. Jean-Philippe Rameau – 1683-1764
42. Jean-Baptiste Lully – 1632-1687
43. Gabriel Fauré – 1845-1924
44. Edvard Grieg – 1843-1907
45. Christoph Willibald Gluck – 1714-1787
46. Arnold Schoenberg – 1874-1951
47. Charles Ives – 1874-1954
48. Paul Hindemith – 1895-1963
49. Olivier Messiaen – 1908-1992
50. Aaron Copland – 1900-1990
51. Francois Couperin – 1668-1733
52. William Byrd – 1539-1623
53. Erik Satie – 1866-1925
54. Benjamin Britten – 1913-1976
55. Bedrick Smetana – 1824-1884
56. César Franck – 1822-1890
57. Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin – 1872-1915
58. Georges Bizet – 1838-1875
59. Domenico Scarlatti – 1685-1757
60. Georg Philipp Telemann – 1681-1767
61. Anton Webern – 1883-1945
62. Roland de Lassus – 1532-1594
63. George Gershwin – 1898-1937
64. Gaetano Donizetti – 1797-1848
65. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach – 1714-1788
66. Archangelo Corelli – 1653-1713
67. Thomas Tallis – 1505-1585
68. Jules Massenet – 1842-1912
69. Johann Strauss II – 1825-1899
70. Leos Janácek – 1854-1928
71. Guillaume de Machaut – 1300-1377
72. Alban Berg – 1885-1935
73. Alexander Borodin – 1833-1887
74. Vincenzo Bellini – 1801-1835
75. Charles Gounod – 1818-1893
76. Francis Poulenc – 1899-1963
77. Giovanni Gabrieli – 1554-1612
78. Pérotin – 1160-1225
79. Heinrich Schütz – 1585-1672
80. John Cage – 1912-1992
81. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi – 1710-1736
82. John Dowland – 1563-1626
83. Gustav Holst – 1874-1934
84. Dietrich Buxtehude – 1637-1707
85. Ottorino Respighi – 1879-1936
86. Guillaume Dufay – 1400-1474
87. Hugo Wolf – 1860-1903
88. Carl Nielsen – 1865-1931
89. William Walton – 1902-1983
90. Darius Milhaud – 1892-1974
91. Orlando Gibbons – 1583-1625
92. Giacomo Meyerbeer – 1791-1864
93. Samuel Barber – 1910-1981
94. Tomás Luis de Victoria – 1549-1611
95. Léonin – 1135-1201
96. Manuel de Falla – 1876-1946
97. Hildegard von Bingen – 1098-1179
98. Mikhail Glinka – 1804-1857
99. Alexander Glazunov – 1865-1936
100. Don Carlo Gesualdo – 1566-1613

Source: digitaldreamdoor.com

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